The Graduate Management Admissions Test (GMAT) is a standardized test administered by the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC). It is used as an admissions factor or requirement at many graduate level business schools in the United States. It consists of three sections: Analytical Writing, Verbal Reasoning, and Quantitative Reasoning.
***The structure and content of the GMAT will be changing in June 2012. A new 30-minute section, Integrated Reasoning, will be added where students will have to evaluate outcomes and interpret data presented graphically from multiple sources. The Integrated Reasoning section will receive a separate score that will not impact the Verbal, Quantitative, Total, or Analytical Writing scores at all. The Analytical Writing section will be shortened to 30 minutes and will only include one writing task. Thus, the total administration time for the GMAT will remain the same at 3 hours and 30 minutes.
Format and Content
The GMAT is a computer-based exam with three sections: Analytical Writing, Verbal Reasoning, and Quantitative Reasoning.
The multiple-choice sections (Verbal and Quantitative Reasoning) are computer adaptive. This means that each section starts with a question of moderate difficulty. If the question is answered correctly, it moves on to a more difficult question. If the question is answered incorrectly, it moves to a less difficult question. This process continues throughout each section. Because of the nature of a computer-adaptive test, answers to questions cannot be changed once submitted and test-takers cannot skip a question and then return to it later.
|Section||Content||Question Types||# of Questions||Section Length|
|Analytical Writing (1 section w/ two separately timed part||
||Writing tasks||2||60 min total (30 min for each task)|
||Multiple choice||41||75 min|
|Quantitative Reasoning||Primary topics tested:
1 Calculators are NOT permitted
2 Data-Sufficiency questions contain initial information and two statements, labeled (1) and (2). Students must decide whether the statements given offer enough data to allow them to answer the question. Students must choose one of the following answers:
- Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) is not sufficient.
- Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.
- BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
- EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
- Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
TOTAL TME : 3 hours and 30 minutes
Verbal and Quantitative Reasoning
Verbal and Quantitative Reasoning sections each receive a scaled score between 0 and 60. These scores are then combined and converted into a total GMAT scaled score between 200 and 800. The Analytical Writing Assessment does not affect the total score at all. Scores are determined based on an algorithm not released by the GMAT, but that takes into account:
- the numbers of questions answered
- the number of questions answered correctly and incorrectly
- the level of difficulty and other statistical properties of each question
Analytical Writing Assessment
For the Analytical Writing Assessment, each writing task receives a grade between 0 and 6 from two different graders. These two grades are averaged for each task. The averaged grades for each task are then averaged together to produce a final Analytical Writing score between 0 and 6 (in half point increments).
Score reports sent to schools will include a student’s scores from all GMAT tests taken in the last five years.
On the report, each score (Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, Total, and Analytical Writing) will receive a percentile ranking which represents the percentage of test-takers from the most recent three-year period that scored below that score. Therefore, while a scaled score never changes, a percentile ranking may vary from year to year.
The GMAT is a computer-based test that is administered year round at certified testing centers. See available testing dates.
A student can take the GMAT only once every 31 days, and no more than five times within any rolling 12-month period.